Muqatta’at are unique letter combinations that appear in the beginning of
The word Muqatta’aat is derived from the word ‘qata’a’meaning to cut (abbreviate). They are also known as fawātih or ‘openers’ as they form the opening ayaat of their respective chapters.
Fourteen letters (exactly half of the 28 letters of Arabic) are found in 14 different combinations occurring singly or in combinations of 2,3,4 or 5.
2 of the chapters are in Muhammad Square – Suratu Yaseen (36) & Suratu Taha (20) and one in Women’s Corner – Suratu Maryam (19) The rest are as follows:
These 3 chapters begin with a single letter.
The 7 chapters begin with Alif Laam Meem (Suratul A’raf (7) begins with Alif Laam Meem Saad) and focus on the certainty of the Qur’an.
Known as the crown and most decorative chapters of the Qur’an, these 7 chapters were revealed in sequence. The chronological and arranged order is the same. The emphasis is on Monotheism and each end with forgiveness.
The 3 chapters here begin with the letters Taa Seen (27) and Taa Seen Meem (26 & 28) . The main theme is Divine Guidance through Prophet hood with a focus on Prophets Musa and Sulaiman
These 6 chapters contain the opening letters Alif Laam Raa – whilst Suratul Ra’ad (13) begins with ALif Laam Meem Raa. They focus on the clarity of the Qur’an. 4 of the chapters here are names of Ambiya (Prophets).
13. Al-Ra’ad (begins with Alif Meem Meem Raa)