The chapter begins with seven oaths; six phenomena to do with the Sun paving the way for the existence of the human being in the seventh. Allah swears by the sun’s brightness, the moon that follows it, the day that reveals it, the night that hides it, the sky that holds it, the heavens and Earth, and the perfection and complexity of the soul. There is an ability to choose between good and evil. The soul can succeed through good and fail through evil.
A historical example of the people of Thamud is given who rejected the truth because of their arrogance. The whole community suffered as a consequence.