031 – Luqmaan 

The chapter begins with asserting the Qur’an as a book of wisdom and a guidance for those who do good, whilst those who turn away in arrogance from Divine guidance are unable to hear with their hearts. 
It then states that Luqmaan was granted wisdom by Divinity and continues with his advice to his son enjoining him to recognise the greatness of Allah and the need to worship only Him. The injunction is linked to obedience and gratitude to parents so long as they do not challenge one’s allegiance to Allah.  He urges his son to establish prayers, not to be arrogant and to lower his voice.  
After reflection on creation and the inexhaustibility of Divine words, the chapter ends with a warning that neither parent nor child can assist on the Day of Judgement.