Ziyara literally means “visit”. In this context it means visiting the sites associated with Ma’sumeen and their companions. The Ma’sumeen have highly emphasized the importance of Ziyara, in order to come closer to them. Once Imam Husayn (pbuh) asked his grandfather about the merits of performing ziyara. The Prophet replied “Whoever comes to perform my ziyara whether I am alive or dead or he comes to perform the ziyara of your father or of your brother or you; will be assured of a visit from me on the day of Qiyama”.
Iraq offers the Ziyara of six of the Ma’sumeen and their companions, numerous Ambiya, scholars and many historic masajid, but most of all the opportunity to see for oneself the place where the event of ‘Ashura occurred in Karbala.
The Prophet (pbuh) has said: “A part of me will be buried in Khurasan, no distressed person will visit it without Allah removing the distress. No sinner will visit it, except Allah will forgive his sins.” His Ziyara is emphasised particularly in the month of Rajab, on the 15th & 23rd Dhulqa’da, and on the 6th Ramadhan.
Imam ‘Ali al-Naqi (pbuh) has said: “Whoever needs anything from Allah, then let him visit the grave of my grandfather al-Ridha (pbuh) in Tus. Let him do ghusl and pray two rak’at near his head. Then he should mention his needs in the qunut of salaa. His dua will be answered… Indeed, the place of his burial is a piece of Janna….”