Muqatta’at are unique letter combinations that appear in the beginning of 29 suwer of the Qur’an. The word Muqatta’aat is derived from the word ‘qata’a’meaning to cut (abbreviate). They are also known as fawātih or ‘openers’ as they form the opening ayaat of their respective suwer.
Fourteen letters (exactly half of the 28 letters of Arabic) are found in 14 different combinations occurring singly or in combinations of 2,3,4 or 5. 2 of these suwer are in Muhammad City Centre – 36. Ya Sin & 20. Ta Ha. One is in Women’s Retreat – 19. Maryam which begins with Kaaf Haa Yaa ‘Ain Saad.
The rest are as follows:
Known as the crown and the most decorative suwer of the Qur’an, these suwer were revealed in Makka in sequence. The chronological and arranged order is the same. The emphasis is on tawheed and each ends with forgiveness. They are: