This sura was revealed to the Holy Prophet (pbuh) in Makka when the Jews were continuously asking him to describe the identity of Allah. As an answer to their queries this sura was revealed. It contains only 4 verses yet it encompasses the basis of Tawheed. It is said that one third of the Qur’an is an explanation of this very principle. Perhaps that is why the Prophet (pbuh) has said that the recitation of this sura once carries the thawaab of reciting one third of the Qur’an. The title Al-Ikhlas, is the direct opposite to shirk or the sin of ‘association’.