Huruful Muqatta’aat are unique letter combinations that appear in the beginning of 29 suwer of the Qur’an. The word Muqatta’aat is derived from the word ‘qata’a’ meaning to cut abbreviate. They are also known as fawātih or ‘openers’ as they form the opening ayaat of their respective suwer.
Fourteen letters exactly half of the 28 letters of Arabic are found in 14 different combinations occurring singly or in combinations of 2,3,4 or 5.
Many have tried to make observations in order to identify a pattern.
Some views of scholars are:
- Might be part of God’s challenge
- It may have been to capture the attention of those who disbelieved in the Qur’an
- Could refer to the names of the Qur’an or the chapters of the Qur’an
- They may be abbreviations to the attributes of Divinity