Month of Muharram
It is the opening month of the Islamic year and one of the four months declared as sacred by Allah.
The month is one of mourning and sorrow. In this month on the tenth day 'Ashura' 61 AH (680 CE), Imam Husayn (pbuh), his family, relatives and companions were martyred. Majalis are held in this month to commemorate the tragedy of Karbala, reminding us that the values of Islam as taught by the Prophet (pbuh) must be maintained in their original form.
Recommended 'Amal for Muharram
Salatul Ru'yayatil Hilal
'Amal for the first night of Muharram - 2 rakat salaa with 11x Suratul Ikhlas after Suratul Fatiha in each rakat
Fasting on the first day of Muharram is like spending the entire year in good actions; there is protection until the following year and if on dies within the year, he/she secures a place in Janna. (Al-Muraqibat - Mirza Tabrisi). This is the day when Prophet Zakariyya (pbuh) at the age of 75 years prayed for a child and Allah accepted his dua.
It is mustahab to fast on the first nine days of the month.
On the day of 'Ashura, it is recommended to remember the martyrs of Karbala, recite Suratul Ikhlas 1000 times and recite the Ziyara of Imam Husayn (pbuh).